Publication analyzes the situation of Roma children in foster care with the emphasis on ethnicity, discrimination and violations of children´s rights. It is focused on the process of removing children from their families, their placement in different types of institutional care and treatment of Roma children as a specific group of children in foster care. Findings are based on qualitative research in 10 localities with children homes in Slovakia. Interviews and focus groups with different actors were conducted in 2015. Analysis focuses on reasons for removing children from their families, attitudes towards Roma children in foster care, identity of Roma children, care they receive in foster care and possibilities of their return to their homes.